Nozzle anatomy

Dive in spray engineering

What are the main units of measurement for spray systems? How does a nozzle work, the spray process and the spray generation? We will explore topics such as the characteristics of flat jet, full cone, hollow cone and dart nozzles, but also tank washing heads and atomizers.

Along many years our engineers have been involved with our customers to find out the appropriate solution to specific application problems in numberless different industries. This cooperation gave us the opportunity to design and to manufacture an always more complete and efficient range of spray nozzles and spraying systems.
This continuous cooperation has allowed us to gather a large quantity of information regarding practical spray nozzles applications, which we make now available to you.

International system of units

Main measurement units for nozzles, washing heads and atomizers

Spray nozzles fundamentals

How the spraying process works, what are the applications of our products, what are spray nozzles technical features and the production techniques of the spray.

Spray generation

How the spray generation in nozzles works and how the drop breaking mechanism works related to the Weber number.

Nozzle flow rate

How the nozzle flow rate is calculated with Bernoulli’s law

Nozzle spray angle

What is the spray angle of a nozzle? How is it calculated?

Nozzle spray distribution

What is spray distribution? How is it calculated?

Liquid viscosity and specific gravity

What is liquid viscosity? How does the specific gravity of a liquid affect the spray?

Jet impact

How is the impact of the jet generated by a nozzle calculated? Which is the pressure drop through a nozzle?