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Nozzle anatomy

Dive in spray engineering

What are the main units of measurement for spray systems? How does a nozzle work, the spray process and the spray generation? We will explore topics such as the characteristics of flat jet, full cone, hollow cone and dart nozzles, but also tank washing heads and atomizers.

Along many years our engineers have been involved with our customers to find out the appropriate solution to specific application problems in numberless different industries. This cooperation gave us the opportunity to design and to manufacture an always more complete and efficient range of spray nozzles and spraying systems.
This continuous cooperation has allowed us to gather a large quantity of information regarding practical spray nozzles applications, which we make now available to you.

Download our Spray engineering handbook

SPRAY DISTRIBUTION PATTERNS

Engineers design nozzles with different spray distribution patterns. Patterns can besolid stream, full conehollow coneflat spray, spoon flat fan. The nozzle design aims at the uniformity and impact force of the jet sprayed whether nozzles are used individually or overlapping.

nozzle anatomy

Full cone spray nozzles

Everything you need to know about full cone nozzles: fundamentals, technology, applications and operation

nozzle anatomy

Flat Fan Spray Nozzles

Everything you need to know about Flat Fan nozzles: fundamentals, technology, applications and operation

nozzle anatomy

Hollow Cone Spray Nozzles

Everything you need to know about Hollow Cone Nozzles: fundamentals, technology, applications and operation

nozzle anatomy

Straight jet spray nozzles

Everything you need to know about Straight jet nozzles: fundamentals, technology, applications and operation

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SPRAYS

How the spraying process works, the applications of our products, the technical characteristics of the nozzles, and the production techniques of the spray?

nozzle anatomy

Spray nozzles fundamentals

How the spraying process works, what are the applications of our products, what are spray nozzles technical features and the production techniques of the spray.

nozzle anatomy

Spray generation

How the nozzle spray generation works and how the drop breaking mechanism works related to the Weber number.

nozzle anatomy

Nozzle flow rate

How the nozzle flow rate is calculated with Bernoulli’s law

nozzle anatomy

Nozzle spray angle

What is the spray angle of a nozzle? How is it calculated?

nozzle anatomy

Nozzle spray distribution

What is spray distribution? How is it calculated?

nozzle anatomy

Liquid viscosity and specific gravity

What is liquid viscosity? How does the specific gravity of a liquid affect the spray?

nozzle anatomy

Jet impact

How is the impact of the jet generated by a nozzle calculated? Which is the pressure drop through a nozzle?

nozzle anatomy

Spray nozzle materials

Which materials can be used to make spray nozzles? What are their mechanical characteristics and chemical resistance?

BASIC NOTIONS

Basics for Spray Nozzles, tank washing heads, and atomizers: Units of Measure, Piping, Piping Sizing, Pipe Sieve Size Conversion Table.

nozzle anatomy

International system of units

Main measurement units for nozzles, washing heads and atomizers

nozzle anatomy

Piping

Data, sizing, flow and sieve size conversion chart for pipes in relation to nozzles, washing heads and atomizers.